Understanding the interaction between the immune system and cancer to enhance patient outcomes
Our mission of the Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy Program (TII) at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center aims to deepen our understanding of how the immune system can be harnessed to prevent or treat patients with all types of cancer. This mission is built on the premise the immune system can control and eradicate human cancers, and innovative strategies to engage these responses can positively impact the lives of those who have or are at risk of developing cancer.
Novel immunotherapies in TII stem from our original basic and translational science discoveries that are effectively translated into the clinic at our Cancer Center through robust partnerships with Cancer Center Support Grant members inside and outside our program, multi-institutional collaborators, exceptional shared resources and Shared Resource Directors and staff, and critical input from our Community Outreach and Engagement team.
Our goal is that TII-led innovative immuno-oncology clinical trials will continue to impact our cancer patients' longevity and quality-of-life profoundly.
To define key mechanisms underlying the host antitumor immune response during neoplastic development and progression.
To determine mechanisms of therapeutic resistance as barriers to effective antitumor immunity.
To develop novel immunotherapy strategies for assessing safety and efficacy in patients with solid or hematologic malignancies.
How can we use the body’s immune system to prevent and treat cancer?
Adoptive cellular therapy. Cancer vaccines. Oncolytic viral therapy. Immune response modifiers. These are several active areas of research as to how Roswell Park’s TII Program is harnessing the power of the immune system as a novel weapon in the battle against cancer.
It is now clear that traditional cancer therapies, such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy, used to fight advanced or metastatic disease, are not enough to further prolong patient survival or enhance their quality of life. Therefore, newer therapeutic interventions are necessary to meet these critical clinical challenges, as well as identifying additional ways the tumor microenvironment and resistance pathways can be modulated to improve therapeutic response.
With a singular focus, the scientific and clinical research activities in Roswell Park’s TII Program have pursued a different path, one that involves developing safe and effective immune-directed therapies, known as immunotherapy. These therapies attack cancer in a very different way – by using a patient's own immune system and cells as a living drug of choice.
Immune cells, known as T lymphocytes, can be collected from the patient and modified in three ways:
- to target specific proteins on the outside of cancer cells to improve immune recognition
- to generate killing potential
- to mobilize additional cells of the immune system to convert “cold” tumors “hot” in order to enhance the density and diversity of the immune response
After cell production, these immune products are returned to the patient as a therapeutic option. Specific ‘chemokine’ cocktails may also be given to patients to draw immune cells to the tumor or additional approaches may include combinations with standard-of-care. Our goal is to generate durable responses in patients that offer reduced side effects, a good quality of life, and improved outcomes.
Program membership highlights
- 33 members
- 11 Departments represented
- 14 Cancers represented
- 13 Clinicians/Clinician Scientists
Our multidisciplinary team of scientists and clinicians have been at the forefront of tumor immunology and immunotherapy research that not only focus on the major cancers in our community or catchment area (lung, breast, colon, and prostate), but also on aggressive, rare, or hard to treat cancers (ovarian, pancreatic, hematologic). Our team works alongside experts in biostatistics and bioinformatics, flow and image cytometry, and vector production, to name a few, so we can develop, test and analyze the effects of these novel immunotherapies, identifying novel biomarkers of efficacy and response, or new therapeutic targets.
Our team collaborates with basic and translational scientists to bring discoveries from the laboratory into safe and feasible pilot trials with our Early Phase Clinical Trials program. We actively train and mentor, in collaboration with our Cancer Research Training and Education Coordination (CERTC) team, the next generation of early-stage scientists and physician-scientists to ensure a well-trained, dynamic, and diverse group of experts are born to develop even newer ways to manage and eradicate cancer, whether here in our catchment area or beyond.
Moreover, we actively interact with Roswell Park’s Community Outreach and Engagement (COE) team, along with cancer advocates and survivors through the ROCKstar’s program, to focus on the needs of our cancer patients, bring scientific knowledge back to our community, including underserved populations, and partner with them to secure additional funding to establish more innovative and effective treatments. All these efforts are ways we contribute to our vision of:
Driving innovation in tumor immunology research and striving for global recognition in immunotherapy applications.
Mentoring the next generation of immuno-oncology scientists and physician-scientists across the continuum of pre-doctoral to junior faculty levels.
Collaborating with COE to align our clinical initiatives with our patient needs & increasing healthcare accessibility.
2023 Program highlights
As of 8/1/23
Cancer peer-reviewed funding
Major Team Science grants
MPI R01 grants
Catchment area-related grants
Publications in last five years
High impact (>10 impact factor)
Inter-cancer center collaborations
In the news
Spotlight: CAR T-cell therapy: looking back and looking forward
Recent progress indicates a considerably improved mechanistic understanding of CAR T-cell biology and delivers important insights into why some patients achieve durable remissions and others do not.
Read the latest study by Renier Brentjens, MD, PhD and Marco Davila, MD, PhD
Taking advantage of the close collaborations among our scientists, our program relies on the validation of results from in vitro systems to in vivo preclinical or animal models.
The information derived from these in vitro and in vivo studies is then utilized to develop novel immune-based strategies, which may be used alone or combined with other conventional or experimental agents, to address important clinical questions. In turn, the answers generated in the clinical setting raise new questions that necessitate a return to the laboratory for detailed preclinical follow-up and testing.
This bi-directional exchange of information between laboratory and clinical investigators provides the opportunity to apply basic science and the underlying molecular mechanisms to clinically relevant questions.
Some highlighted clinical trial studies are below:
SurVaxM was discovered, developed, and clinically translated entirely at Roswell Park. Drs. Fenstermaker and Ciesielski and colleagues have developed therapeutic vaccines against survivin, a non-mutated protein that is overexpressed in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and multiple types of other aggressive cancers as a novel anti-cancer agent.
Termed SurVaxM, this vaccine is a first-in-class immunogen targeting survivin. The vaccine acts by inducing antitumor immune responses. A Phase II trial (NCT02455557) of SurVaxM with standard-of-care chemo-radiation in newly diagnosed GBM is now complete and recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Of the 63 patients evaluable for outcome, 60 (95.2%) remained progression-free 6 months after diagnosis (pre-specified primary end point). Median progression-free survival was 11.4 months and median overall survival was 25.9 months. Additional clinical trials led by this team involving this cancer vaccine are ongoing, both in GBM (NCT05163080, NCT04013672) and other cancer types, including multiple myeloma (NCT02334865) or neuroendocrine tumors (NCT03879694).
Dr. Thanavala and colleagues have continued their efforts to understand immune dysfunction in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Their earlier work demonstrated that treatment of HCC patients with sorafenib (a tyrosine kinase inhibitor) reduced the extent of immune suppression caused by regulatory T cells (Tregs), which was associated with increased overall survival.
Her team has extended this work to a newer generation of a more potent kinase inhibitor, termed Tivozanib and evaluated its impact on Tregs, as part of a Phase Ib/II trial (NCT01835223).
More clinical trials
This P01, a major program project grant, includes five Phase I/II trials, which will test the impact of novel combination regimens on reshaping the tumor microenvironment (TME) to facilitate the infiltration of tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes, thus potentially improving patient outcome to immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy (i.e., PD-1 blockade).
This Phase IIA trial studies the combinatorial efficacy of celecoxib, recombinant interferon alpha-2b, and rintatolimod in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to the liver.
Celecoxib is thought to inhibit the growth of tumor cells by blocking a key enzyme for cell growth, as well as the immune suppressive function of myeloid populations within the TME. Recombinant interferon alpha-2b is a protein that can improve the body's innate immune response and may also interfere with the growth of tumor cells. Rintatolimod also acts as an immune agonist, albeit differently, to stimulate the innate immune system.
Roswell Park has a long history of discovery in tumor immunology, and we’re unique in that each faculty’s research program has a major focus on cancer and tumor immunology.
- Zsiros E, Ricciuti J, Gallo S, Argentieri D, Attwood K, Ji W, Hutson A, Visco P, Coffey D, Riebandt G, Mark J, Varghese A, Hess SM, Furlani T, Fabiano A, Hennon M, Yendamuri S, Kauffman EC, Wooten KE, Hicks WL Jr, Young J, Takabe K, Odunsi K, Case AA, Segal BH, Johnson CS, Kuvshinoff B 2nd, Nurkin S, Paragh G, de Leon-Casasola O. Postoperative Restrictive Opioid Protocols and Durable Changes in Opioid Prescribing and Chronic Opioid Use. JAMA Oncol. 2023 Jan 5. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2022.6278. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36602807.
- Colligan SH, Amitrano AM, Zollo RA, Peresie J, Kramer ED, Morreale B, Barbi J, Singh PK, Yu H, Wang J, Opyrchal M, Sykes DB, Nemeth MJ, Abrams SI. Inhibiting the biogenesis of myeloid-derived suppressor cells enhances immunotherapy efficacy against mammary tumor progression. J Clin Invest. 2022 Dec 1;132(23):e158661. doi: 10.1172/JCI158661. PMID: 36453551; PMCID: PMC9711879.
- Oliver L, Alvarez R, Diaz R, Valdés A, Colligan SH, Nemeth MJ, Twum DYF, Fernández A, Fernández-Medina O, Carlson LM, Yu H, Eng KH, Hensen ML, Rábade-Chediak ML, Fernández LE, Lee KP, Perez L, Muhitch JB, Mesa C, Abrams SI. Mitigating the prevalence and function of myeloid-derived suppressor cells by redirecting myeloid differentiation using a novel immune modulator. J Immunother Cancer. 2022 Sep;10(9):e004710. doi: 10.1136/jitc-2022-004710. PMID: 36150744; PMCID: PMC9511656.
- Mailankody S, Devlin SM, Landa J, Nath K, Diamonte C, Carstens EJ, Russo D, Auclair R, Fitzgerald L, Cadzin B, Wang X, Sikder D, Senechal B, Bermudez VP, Purdon TJ, Hosszu K, McAvoy DP, Farzana T, Mead E, Wilcox JA, Santomasso BD, Shah GL, Shah UA, Korde N, Lesokhin A, Tan CR, Hultcrantz M, Hassoun H, Roshal M, Sen F, Dogan A, Landgren O, Giralt SA, Park JH, Usmani SZ, Rivière I, Brentjens RJ, Smith EL. GPRC5D-Targeted CAR T Cells for Myeloma. N Engl J Med. 2022 Sep 29;387(13):1196-1206. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2209900. PMID: 36170501.
- Davila ML, Brentjens RJ. CAR T cell therapy: looking back and looking forward. Nat Cancer. 2022 Dec;3(12):1418-1419. doi: 10.1038/s43018-022-00484-w. PMID: 36539498.
- Ahluwalia MS, Reardon DA, Abad AP, Curry WT, Wong ET, Figel SA, Mechtler LL, Peereboom DM, Hutson AD, Withers HG, Liu S, Belal AN, Qiu J, Mogensen KM, Dharma SS, Dhawan A, Birkemeier MT, Casucci DM, Ciesielski MJ, Fenstermaker RA. Phase IIa Study of SurVaxM Plus Adjuvant Temozolomide for Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma. J Clin Oncol. 2022 Dec 15:JCO2200996. doi: 10.1200/JCO.22.00996. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36521103.
- Segal BH, Giridharan T, Suzuki S, Khan ANH, Zsiros E, Emmons TR, Yaffe MB, Gankema AAF, Hoogeboom M, Goetschalckx I, Matlung HL, Kuijpers TW. Neutrophil interactions with T cells, platelets, endothelial cells, and of course tumor cells. Immunol Rev. 2022 Dec 16. doi: 10.1111/imr.13178. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36527200.
- Alam A, Levanduski E, Denz P, Villavicencio HS, Bhatta M, Alhorebi L, Zhang Y, Gomez EC, Morreale B, Senchanthisai S, Li J, Turowski SG, Sexton S, Sait SJ, Singh PK, Wang J, Maitra A, Kalinski P, DePinho RA, Wang H, Liao W, Abrams SI, Segal BH, Dey P. Fungal mycobiome drives IL-33 secretion and type 2 immunity in pancreatic cancer. Cancer Cell. 2022 Feb 14;40(2):153-167.e11. doi: 10.1016/j.ccell.2022.01.003. Epub 2022 Feb 3. PubMed PMID: 35120601; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8847236.
- Orr B, Mahdi H, Fang Y, Strange M, Uygun I, Rana M, Zhang L, Suarez Mora A, Pusateri A, Elishaev E, Kang C, Tseng G, Gooding W, Edwards RP, Kalinski P, Vlad AM. Phase I Trial Combining Chemokine-Targeting with Loco-Regional Chemoimmunotherapy for Recurrent, Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer Shows Induction of CXCR3 Ligands and Markers of Type 1 Immunity. Clin Cancer Res. 2022 Jan 19. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-3659. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35046055.
- He X, Zhou S, Huang WC, Seffouh A, Mabrouk MT, Morgan MT, Ortega J, Abrams SI, Lovell JF. A Potent Cancer Vaccine Adjuvant System for Particleization of Short, Synthetic CD8+ T Cell Epitopes. ACS Nano. 2021 MAR 23; 15(3):4357-4371. DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.0c07680. 2021 Feb 19. PubMed PMID: 33606514.
- Tzetzo SL, Abrams SI. Redirecting macrophage function to sustain their "defender" antitumor activity. Cancer Cell. 2021 MAR 13; . DOI: 10.1016/j.ccell.2021.03.002. 2021 Mar 13. PubMed PMID: 33798473.
- Zsiros E, Lynam S, Attwood KM, Wang C, Chilakapati S, Gomez EC, Liu S (GG), Akers S, Lele S (DT), Frederick PJ, Odunsi K. Efficacy and Safety of Pembrolizumab in Combination With Bevacizumab and Oral Metronomic Cyclophosphamide in the Treatment of Recurrent Ovarian Cancer: A Phase 2 Nonrandomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Oncol. 2021 JAN 01; 7(1):78-85. DOI: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.5945. PubMed PMID: 33211063; PMCID: PMC7677872.
- Dey P, Kimmelman AC, DePinho RA. Metabolic Codependencies in the Tumor Microenvironment. Cancer Discov. 2021 May;11(5):1067-1081. DOI: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-20-1211. Epub 2021 Jan 27. PMID: 33504580; PMCID: PMC8102306.
- Gandhi S, Pandey MR, Attwood K, Ji W, Witkiewicz AK, Knudsen ES, Allen C, Tario JD, Wallace PK, Cedeno CD, Levis M, Stack S, Funchain P, Drabick JJ, Bucsek MJ, Puzanov I, Mohammadpour H, Repasky EA, Ernstoff MS. Phase I Clinical Trial of Combination Propranolol and Pembrolizumab in Locally Advanced and Metastatic Melanoma: Safety, Tolerability, and Preliminary Evidence of Antitumor Activity. Clin Cancer Res. 2021 Jan 1;27(1):87-95. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-20-2381. Epub 2020 Oct 30. PMID: 33127652; PMCID: PMC7785669.
Education & training
In addition to our research and clinical trials, we are also committed to training the next generation of basic and clinical scientists, who will lead the fight against cancer.
Trainees in Roswell Park’s Tumor Immunology PhD track study closely with program members and participate in all phases of basic and translational research.
Spotlight: Division of Translational Immuno-Oncology
Roswell Park is one of the first institutions in the nation to establish a Division of Translational Immuno-Oncology with state-of-the-art facilities and research laboratories.
This combination of core facilities and partnerships with academic centers and industry offers us the unique capability to develop and implement the next generation of innovative cancer immunotherapies for our patients.