Liver Metastases

What are Liver Metastases?

When other cancers spread to the liver

Liver metastases are cancerous lesions or tumors that have spread to the liver from a cancer elsewhere in the body. These tumors, sometimes called secondary liver cancer, are not really liver cancer at all. The cells of these liver metastases are not liver cells; but are like the cancer cells at the original site, such as the colon, lung or breast. Because the liver acts as a filter to remove toxins from the body, this organ is a common site for metastatic disease to develop.

Colorectal cancers that are at an advanced stage commonly spread to the liver. Roswell Park experts see a high volume of colorectal cancers that have spread, or metastasized, to the liver, and we offer several innovative treatment approaches.

Treatment for Liver Metastases

These secondary liver tumors are generally treated as the original cancer type. However, Roswell Park offers many liver-directed therapies that treat liver tumors, regardless of their original site. These highly specialized treatments require advanced technology and multidisciplinary liver expertise from interventional radiologists and surgical, medical and radiation oncologists and working together.

Liver-Directed Therapies

Roswell Park offers these liver-directed therapies for liver metastases:

  • Liver surgery
  • Microwave Ablation
  • Radiofrequency Ablation
  • NanoKnife Irreversible Electroporation (IRE)
  • Chemoembolization
  • Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (radioembolization)
  • Precision targeted radiation therapy