When prostate cancer spreads outside the prostate to other parts of the body, it is called metastatic prostate cancer. When this happens, it usually moves into the bones, but it can also spread to the lungs, brain or liver. Even after it begins growing in other parts of the body, it is still prostate cancer, because the cells began in the prostate. It does not become lung cancer or brain cancer.
If your Roswell Park doctor thinks your cancer might have spread, you will probably need CT or MRI imaging of your abdomen and pelvis or nuclear imaging of your bones (bone scan) to provide more information. Depending on the results, further testing using a biopsy may be ordered to find out for sure if there are any cancer cells in your lymph nodes or bones.
Treatment for Metastatic Prostate Cancer
No treatments can cure metastatic prostate cancer, but there are ways to extend survival and relieve symptoms. These include chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy and clinical trials of the very newest treatments. Learn more about these treatments.
If you have metastatic prostate cancer, you are eligible for genetic evaluation and testing from Roswell Park’s Clinical Genetics Service. This can help determine whether your family members are at increased risk for prostate cancer and whether you are at increased risk for other cancers that are associated with prostate cancer. If so, our clinical genetic counselors can provide information about ways you and/or your family may be able to reduce that risk.