Prostate Cancer Treatment

The treatment options that are best for you will depend on several important factors, including your age, your overall health, your PSA level and Gleason score, the stage of your cancer, and your risk assessment — the chance that your cancer is or may become life-threatening.

Your Roswell Park care team includes experts from several different medical specialties, including pathology, radiology, urology, medical and radiation oncology and others who focus on prostate cancer. They will work together to interpret your test results and determine your best treatment options, which may include one or more of the following approaches.

  • Active surveillance to monitor your cancer carefully. Treatment can be delayed (perhaps avoided) and initiated only if the cancer begins to grow or cause other problems for your health.
  • High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) therapy, an outpatient, nonsurgical option that destroys the cancerous part of the prostate gland with ultrasound waves, leaving healthy tissue alone.
  • Surgery to remove your prostate gland.
  • Radiation therapy to target any remaining cancer cells after surgery, or as a primary treatment.
  • Medical therapy which uses drugs to fight cancer cells. Medical therapy for prostate cancer may include chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, radiopharmaceuticals and more.
  • Androgen deprivation therapy is a form of hormone therapy which aims to shut down your body’s production of testosterone and slow tumor growth.
  • Clinical trials to access the very latest, emerging options.

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A Patient's Guide to Prostate Cancer book cover by Dr. Khurshid Guru

A Patient’s Guide to Prostate Cancer

This essential guide — written by Roswell Park’s prostate cancer experts — will help walk you through what to expect with your diagnosis, treatment and beyond, so you can make informed decisions about what’s best for you.

Get your copy