For the treatment of cervical cancer, chemotherapy is usually combined with radiation therapy. For cancer that has spread to distant organs, chemotherapy alone may be used.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs for cervical cancer are usually given through a vein (intravenous). You may receive chemotherapy in a clinic, at the doctor's office, or at home. Some women need to stay in the hospital during treatment.
The combination of chemotherapy and radiation (chemoradiation) given concurrently has been shown to significantly improve survival and decrease the rate of recurrence. Studies are ongoing to determine the variations in chemotherapy drugs and radiation levels that are most effective in treating locally advanced disease.