Targeting the cell cycle could overcome treatment resistance
- Team finds significant diversity in the cell cycle across cancer models
- This diversity can be exploited for a more precise approach to cancer therapy
- New therapies that target the cell cycle could eliminate treatment resistance
BUFFALO, N.Y. — Scientists from Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center have shed light on a different way of overcoming mechanisms of resistance to specific therapeutic agents used to treat cancer. In a new article published March 1 in the journal Cell Reports, the researchers propose a new approach to cancer treatment based on the way different cancer cells divide.
A collaborative team led by Agnieszka Witkiewicz, MD, Professor of Oncology, and Erik Knudsen, PhD, Professor of Oncology and Chair of Molecular and Cellular Biology, from Roswell Park investigated over 500 cell lines from a multitude of cancer types, as well as preclinical tumor models. The researchers then analyzed cancer cells based on their dependency for CDK and CCN, two genes that drive the cell cycle and determine how often a cancer cell divides.
“We found that the way cancer cells divide is highly varied, and that diversity represents a tremendous challenge for some widely used cancer therapies because it often contributes to treatment resistance,” says Dr. Witkiewicz, the study’s senior author. “However, with a better understanding of these heterogenous features of cancer cell division, different therapies could be deployed in a more precise and effective fashion.”
Using advanced biochemical analyses and genetic sequencing, the team uncovered vast differences in the requirement for CDK and CCN among cell lines and cell types, highlighting the complex and heterogenous nature of cell cycles. The researchers also identified specific genetic and pharmaceutical vulnerabilities for each method of cell division, opening the door to more precise types of therapeutic interventions to overcome treatment resistance.
“Targeting the cell cycle as a means to treat cancer is appealing, since uncontrolled cell growth is the basis of almost all cancers,” adds Dr. Witkiewicz. “Cancer cells have developed mechanisms of resistance to some of our most widely used cancer treatments, but with advances in the detection of biomarkers associated with that resistance, we believe we can design targeted and more precise therapeutic interventions that overcome treatment resistance.”
The study was supported by the National Cancer Institute (grants P30CA016056 and P30CA042014).
Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center is a community united by the drive to eliminate cancer’s grip on humanity by unlocking its secrets through personalized approaches and unleashing the healing power of hope. Founded by Dr. Roswell Park in 1898, it is the only National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center in Upstate New York. Learn more at www.roswellpark.org, or contact us at 1-800-ROSWELL (1-800-767-9355) or ASKRoswell@RoswellPark.org.
Rebecca Vogt, Media Relations Specialist