Multiple Myeloma Risk Factors

What Are the Risk Factors for Multiple Myeloma?

A risk factor is anything that may increase your risk for a disease. Studies have identified the following risk factors for multiple myeloma:

  • Age: People over 65 are at higher risk.
  • Race: Multiple myeloma risk is highest among African-Americans and lowest among Asian-Americans.
  • Gender: Men are more likely than women to get multiple myeloma.
  • Medical history: People with a personal history of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) are at increased risk.
  • People with a personal history of other plasma cell diseases are at higher risk.

Having one or more risk factors does not mean that a person will get multiple myeloma. Most people who have risk factors never develop the disease.

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