Pathology tests help to determine the cancer stage and grade — classifications that are essential to choosing the most effective cancer treatment and predicting how the disease will progress.
Your cancer specialists determine how to treat your cancer and how far your cancer has spread through staging. It takes into account the primary (original) tumor size, number of tumors and whether it has metastasized, or spread to the lymph nodes or distant parts of the body. Staging is based on the pathology report, physical exam, biopsies and imaging tests. Generally, a lower stage indicates a better prognosis (the likely outcome or course of a disease; the chance of a full recovery or recurrence).
Adrenal cancer is staged and treated based on the size of the tumor and how far the cancer has spread. The following stages are used to describe adrenal cancer: