Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are a group of relatively slow-growing tumors that arise mostly in the pulmonary and gastrointestinal system. Considered rare, their incidence has increased 6.3% in the last 25 years, with a prevalence of 35 per 100,000 patients. Because patients with these tumors generally present with vague symptoms, the diagnosis is often delayed by five to seven years.
There are several ways to remove the adrenal gland. For many years the minimally invasive transperitoneal approach has been the preferred technique and is now used more than any other. Yet it has limitations, including painful and unsightly incisions on the anterior abdominal wall.
Primary hyperparathyroidism is a common disorder in which one or more parathyroid glands are abnormally enlarged. Surgical removal of the enlarged glands is the definitive treatment. The traditional surgical approach of four-gland exploration has been largely replaced with minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP), which reduces the incidence of such associated complications as permanent hypocalcemia and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury.
OmniSeq Target™ is a multi-analyte test platform developed by the Center for Personalized Medicine at Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI) to determine the presence or absence of relevant tumor genomic alterations that impact therapeutic decisions.
The relatively new and growing field of interventional pulmonology is an area of pulmonary medicine that focuses on using minimally invasive endoscopic techniques to diagnose and treat lung, thoracic, tracheal and mediastinal conditions.
Esophageal cancer is a highly aggressive cancer with limited treatment options. In the United States, cancers of the lower esophagus and gastroesophageal junction are some of the fastest-growing malignancies. Treatment is tailored to the stage of the cancer and involves various modalities, including radiation, surgical resection and chemotherapy. Integration of targeted therapies into the therapeutic algorithms for esophageal adenocarcinoma is an area of active investigation.
Esophageal cancer is best treated by a multidisciplinary team. The surgical pathologist contributes by making the pathological diagnosis and presenting the pathological findings at the multidisciplinary esophageal tumor board. This face-to-face communication is essential for ensuring clear communication among team members and identifying individualized treatment options for our patients.
There are predictive factors (both host and environmental) that correlate with increased risk of developing such inflammatory conditions as Barrett's esophagus with dysplasia, which may also predispose patients to esophageal cancer . In these patients, who may already be undergoing endoscopic evaluation, early superficial cancers can be identified, treated, and cured.
Esophageal cancer (EC) is the eighth-most-common cancer worldwide, with two common sub-types — squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (AC). Several risk factors have been associated with this cancer, including smoking, alcohol consumption, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett’s esophagus. Many studies have implicated diet and nutrition in risk of these cancers.