Zoledronic acid is the generic drug name. Zometa® is a brand name. (There may be other names for this medication.)
How is it Administered?
Your medicine will be given intravenously (IV), which means it will be given through a tube placed in a vein, usually in your arm, wrist, hand or chest.
Why am I Receiving Zoledronic Acid?
This drug is used to treat high blood calcium levels (hypercalcemia) that sometimes occur in patients with cancer. Also treats bone damage caused by multiple myeloma and cancers that spread to the bone.
How Does it Work?
There are two kinds of bone cells. Osteoblasts create bone and osteoclasts break down bone. The creation and destruction of bone is generally kept balanced, though we do tend to lose bone mass as we age.
Some cancers cause the osteoclasts to accelerate their destruction of bone. In addition to bone weakness, increasing the risk of a fracture, this can also cause pain and excess calcium to be released into the bloodstream. Calcium can affect your heart rate, among other bodily functions.
Zoledronic acid is a bisphosphonate; these drugs slow down the osteoclasts and may help prevent the complications mentioned above.