Dexamethasone

Brand Names

Decadron (There may be other brand names for this medication)

How is it Administered?

Dexamethasone may be taken by mouth (tablets or liquid) or given as an injection into a vein (IV), a muscle (IM), or a joint (intra-articular). It can also be applied locally to the eyes (drops) or the skin (lotion).

What is it Used For?

This drug is used to reduce inflammation (swelling), increase appetite and decrease nausea/vomiting caused by cancer treatment, reverse allergic reactions, treat certain types of cancer, prevent transplant rejection, lower blood calcium, and increase feelings of energy and well- being.

How does it work?

Your adrenal glands (located atop the kidneys) produce hormones called corticosteroids. They regulate your metabolism (the day-to-day functions of your cells), help keep fluids and electrolytes in balance, and affect your cardiovascular, nervous, endocrine, and immune systems.

Dexamethasone is a man-made version of a corticosteroid that is an anti-inflammatory hormone. It reduces/prevents your body’s natural inflammatory response (redness, heat, swelling, and pain). Unfortunately, this means your body’s self defense weapons are weakened.

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