Cyclophosphamide

Brand Names

Cytoxan, Neosar (There may be other brand names)

How is it Administered?

Your medicine may be given by injection intravenously (IV), into a muscle, or into the lining of the lung or abdomen, or it can be taken by mouth in tablet form.

What is it Used For?

This drug is used to treat cancers of the blood and solid tumor cancers such as lymphomas, multiple myeloma, leukemias, mycosis fungoides, neuroblastoma, ovarian carcinoma, retinoblastoma, and breast cancer.

How Does Cyclophosphamide Work?

Cancer is a group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control. Both normal and cancer cells go through cycles that include a resting phase, active growing phases, and division. Your chemotherapy schedule is based upon the type of cancer you have, the rate at which they divide, and the times when each drug is the most likely to be effective. This is why chemotherapy is typically given in cycles.

Cyclophosphamide is in a class of drugs known as alkalyting agents. Alkylating agents are most active in the resting phase of the cell. Cyclophosphamide is a relative of mustard gas.

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