The Chemotherapy & Infusion Center is an important component of cancer treatment for many RPCI patients. Staffed by highly skilled nurses with special training in chemotherapy administration, the care team will ensure you receive the specified treatment written by your physician.
Types of Chemotherapy:
- Systemic chemotherapy: Treatment with anticancer drugs that travel through the blood to cells all over the body.
- Regional chemotherapy: Treatment with anticancer drugs directed to a specific area of the body.
- IV chemotherapy: Chemotherapy drugs are administered through a vein.
- Oral chemotherapy: Treatment with drugs given by mouth to kill cancer cells or stop them from dividing.
- Topical chemotherapy: Treatment with anticancer drugs in a lotion or cream applied to the skin.
Treatment that combines chemotherapy with radiation therapy.
Treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific types of cancer cells with less harm to normal cells. Some targeted therapies block the action of certain enzymes, proteins, or other molecules involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells. Other types of targeted therapies help the immune system kill cancer cells or deliver toxic substances directly to cancer cells and kill them. Targeted therapy may have fewer side effects than other types of cancer treatment. Most targeted therapies are either small molecule drugs or monoclonal antibodies.
Treatment that adds, blocks, or removes hormones. To slow or stop the growth of certain cancers (such as prostate and breast cancer), synthetic hormones or other drugs may be given to block the body’s natural hormones. Sometimes surgery is needed to remove the gland that makes a certain hormone. Also called endocrine therapy, hormone therapy, and hormone treatment.
A type of biological therapy that uses substances to stimulate or suppress the immune system to help the body fight cancer, infection, and other diseases. Some types of immunotherapy only target certain cells of the immune system. Others affect the immune system in a general way. Types of immunotherapy include cytokines, vaccines, bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), and some monoclonal antibodies.
IL-2 is classified as a biologic therapy meaning that it uses the body’s immune system to change the way your body responds to cancer cells. The expectation is an increase in your body’s production of T-cells and NK (natural killer) cells — two types of white blood cells used to fight off infections, mutated cells, and anything your body determines is a foreign invader.
A substance or group of substances meant to cause the immune system to respond to a tumor or to microorganisms, such as bacteria or viruses. A vaccine can help the body recognize and destroy cancer cells or microorganisms.
Percutaneous Ethanol Injection
An injection of ethanol (alcohol) through the skin directly into a tumor to kill cancer cells. Ultrasound or a CT scan is used to guide the needle into the tumor. Also called alcohol ablation, ethanol ablation, and PEI.
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Treatment
A weakened form of the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis (bacillus Calmette-Guérin) that does not cause disease. Bacillus Calmette-Guérin is used in a solution to stimulate the immune system in the treatment of bladder cancer and as a vaccine to prevent tuberculosis. Also called BCG.