Aim 1: To compare the overall toxicant exposure in pregnant women who use electronic cigarettes (e-cigs, vapor, e-liquid, e-juice, vape, vaping devices) compared to women who smoke conventional cigarettes. Aim 2. To compare toxicant exposure and birth outcomes among infants born to pregnant women who use e-cigs compared to women who smoke conventional cigarettes. Aim 3. To explore potential mechanisms by which e-cigs could influence birth weight.
Electronic Cigarette Use During Pregnancy
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