Surgery to remove the tumor along with some surrounding healthy tissue, leaving the margins (tissue bordering the tumor) free from cancer.
A breast-conserving surgery, this procedure removes one-fourth of the breast tissue.
Surgery to remove all the breast tissue. The most common type of mastectomy today is called a modified radical mastectomy, in which the breast tissue is removed but the muscles in the chest wall are spared, preserving arm strength.
Surgery to remove one or more lymph nodes in the tumor area. Nodes are then examined for cancer by our pathology department.
Removing the female ovaries to decrease hormone production.
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Surgery to restore or improve the appearance of the breast. Some women choose to have reconstruction surgery at the time of a mastectomy; others defer a decision about reconstruction until a later time.