More than 90 percent of children younger than 10 years of age who are diagnosed with cancer are treated at cancer centers that participate in National Cancer Institute (NCI)-sponsored clinical trials, and more than half of them are enrolled onto a study. This helps explain the dramatic improvements in survival rates for pediatric cancers over the past three decades.
The types of cancers that develop in children are different from those that develop in adults. Lifestyle or environmental risk factors don’t play a role. Instead, it’s usually the result of DNA changes in cells that take place very early in life.