Transgender People & Cancer Screenings


Catching cancer early is one of the best ways to limit its impact, and cancer screenings are the best way to increase the odds of finding the disease when it’s most curable. Roswell Park’s Cancer Screening Center has specific guidelines for who should receive certain types of cancer screenings.

However, while these screening recommendations may seem relatively straightforward to some, transgender individuals may not be as clear on which screenings they should receive.

If you’re a transgender individual, here are a few things to note:

  1. You could be at risk for cancers of reproductive organs that do not match your gender identity. A transgender female may develop prostate cancer in her lifetime while a transgender male may develop cervical, breast or ovarian cancer.
  2. Gender confirmation surgery may not remove 100% of the tissue in that area. For example, a transgender male may still need annual breast exams.
  3. Hormone therapy, and the length of time you’ve been on it, may increase your risk for certain cancer types.
  4. Research is significantly lacking in the area of transgender health. Fortunately, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is working hard to conduct more research and provide valuable insights.
  5. In addition to getting cancer screenings, there are other steps everyone can take to reduce the risk of cancer. These include avoiding tobacco and tobacco products, wearing sunscreen, limiting alcohol use, practicing safe sex, maintaining a healthy diet, living an active lifestyle and more.

Fill out a free personal assessment to learn which cancer screenings are recommended for you.

Understanding screening recommendations is just one of the many obstacles and challenges faced by transgender people when it comes to taking care of their health. The 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey found that 23% of respondents did not see a doctor when they needed to, for fear of being mistreated. Additionally, insurance barriers and societal risk factors (mental health, substance abuse, etc.) are prevalent.

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Here at Roswell Park, we celebrate all individuals and groups, including transgender people, and will work with you to find the answers and care you need.

We’re committed to providing the highest quality healthcare to all members of our community. We invite you to make a cancer screening appointment at 716-845-4800. During this visit, a healthcare provider will review your personal cancer risk, determine which screenings you should have and help get those appointments set up for you. If you have any concerns, we encourage you to reach out to David Scott, Director of the Office of Diversity & Inclusion, at