Risk Factors for Testicular Cancer

  • Donald Trump, MD, FACP, President and CEO, leads Roswell Park's strong clinical research program in vitamin D-based cancer prevention and treatment.

Early Detection

The five-year relative survival rate for all men with testicular cancer is 95 percent. Early detection is key, helping ensure the disease is treated before it has an opportunity to spread and reducing the side effects that come with treatment.

Risk Factors

No one knows the exact causes of this disease. However, research has shown that people with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop testicular cancer.

You are more likely to be diagnosed with testicular cancer if:

  • You are white
  • Your testicles did not develop normally
  • You had an undescended testicle (cryptorchidism) or inguinal hernia when you were born
  • You have had cancer in your other testicle
  • Others, especially a brother or father, in your family have had testicular cancer