Biological therapy uses the body's own immune system to fight cancer. Bladder cancer patients who undergo transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) for superficial bladder cancer may have a biologic treatment called Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) treatment to help prevent the cancer from recurring.
A live, weakened bacterial organism, BCG is mixed into a solution and placed into the bladder via a catheter and the patient holds the solution in their bladder for two hours. The bacteria stimulate the immune system to kill any remaining cancer cells in the bladder. BCG treatment is usually done once a week for six weeks.
Depending on the stage of your bladder cancer, your physician may prescribe a type of chemotherapy as part of your treatment plan. Chemotherapy options for bladder cancer patients typically include: