The skin is the largest organ in the body, and skin cancer is the most common of all cancers. There are three primary types of skin cancer - squamous cell, basal cell and melanoma. Of these, melanoma is the most dangerous, accounting for only 5% of skin cancer cases but responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths.
The term “melanoma” is derived from the type of cell in which it affects called the melanocytes. Melanocytes produce the pigment of your skin, which is known as melanin.